Galle, Sri Lanka 📖 Travel writer
📍Asia and UK
@jonathaninbali 👀 Things to do and see
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📸 Photos: www.jonathaninbali.com and www.murnis.com
Galle is on the southwestern tip, 119 km from Colombo. According to James Emerson Tennent, Galle was the ancient seaport of Tarshish, from which King Solomon got ivory, peacocks and other valuables. Cinnamon was exported from Sri Lanka as early as 1400 BC.
Ptolemy might also have known about the port, which he called Odoka. Morroccan traveller Ibn Battuta visted Galle (or Qali as he called it) in 1342. During the 12th and 13th centuries, Sinhalese refugees fleeing from Tamil armies from the north began to settle in Galle and other nearby areas.
Galle was a prominent seaport long before western rule. Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malays, Indians, and Chinese were doing business there. In 1411, the Galle Trilingual Inscription, a stone tablet inscription in three languages, Chinese, Tamil and Persian, was erected in Galle to commemorate the second visit to Sri Lanka by the Chinese admiral Zheng He.
In 1502, a small fleet of Portuguese ships, under the command of Lourenço de Almeida, on their way to the Maldives, were blown off course by a storm and stopped in Galle. Galle is the best example of a fortified city built by the Portuguese in South and Southeast Asia, showing the interaction between Portuguese architectural styles and native traditions.
In 1640, Portuguese were forced to surrender to the Dutch East India Company. The city was extensively fortified by the Dutch during the 17th century from 1649 onwards.The Dutch built the present fort in 1663. The Galle fort is a world heritage site and is the largest remaining fortress in Asia built by European occupiers. They built a fortified solid granite wall and three bastions, known as "Sun", "Moon" and "Star”. Galle reached the height of its development in the 18th century, during the Dutch colonial period.
After the British took over the country from the Dutch in 1796, the British preserved the fort unchanged and used it as the administrative centre of the district.
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Wondering how I can get the shot without everyone behind me 😏
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Morning Glory, Grand Mosque, Abu Dhabi 2019. American/British photographer Karen Knorr is known for sumptuous imagery of exotic animals digitally fused into opulent architectural settings. The work explores themes of migration and multiculturalism, bringing together several of the artist's most powerful series.