Extract copy of the Treaty of Zanjón transcribed by José Aldama. The treaty consists of eight Articles stating the agreements from both sides. The treaty of Zanjón ended the Ten Years' War between Cuba and Spain and gave Cuba more autonomous power. Includes typed transcript of letter. From the Cordovés and Bolaños Families Collection. . . .
The Treaty of Zanjón ended the battle for Cuba’s independence from Spain during the Ten Years' War (1868-1978). On February 10, 1878, a group of rebel army representatives gathered in Zanjón, a township in Camagüey Province, and signed a capitulation document offered by the Spanish commander in Cuba, General Arsenio Martínez Campos.
The Treaty promised that Cuba would have the same status as Puerto Rico, notably with some representation in the Spanish parliament. It granted amnesty for all political offenses since 1868 and released all political prisoners and any Spanish deserters. Independence movement leaders would have to leave Cuba once released. Those released under the amnesty included Jose Martí, Juan Gualberto Gómez, and Antonio Maceo. Calixto Garcia was released from prison in Spain, and promptly traveled to Paris where he began raising funds for the next phase of the Cuban independence movement.
The pact offered manumission to slaves and Chinese immigrants who had fought on either side in the conflict and an eventual end to slavery in Cuba in 1888. However, later events led to the end of slavery in Cuba in 1886.
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Day 5 of the black and white challenge! I nominate Diana Diroy!!! @ddiroy do your thang! -- I leave you with Calixto Garcia's monument in Havana. He fought in three wars for Cuba's independence and at one point attempted suicide, preferring death to being taken captive by the Spanish. However, the bullet went through his jaw and he survived! After two years imprisoned in Spain, he returned to Cuba to fight their final independence war before gaining sovereignty in 1898. In the background on the left you'll see Casa de las Americas and if you look real close you'll see a poster that reads 56 years of revolution. Saludos desde La Habana! #cuba #havana #lahabana #calixtogarcia