ANIMAL AGENCY AND FREE WILL
Pictured: A simple earthworm and Daniel Dennett.
Do animals make their own decisions However small an input they have, are they free Or are they just collections of cells—organisms—operating together according to external physical laws
For, you see, we are animals too; and if we believe in free will, we ought to be able to establish signs of agency in them—that is, if we believe in evolution—because we share similar origins.
One particularly influential theory belongs to Daniel Dennett. Dennett grants animals agency if they are able to act on *intentions*. As per his ‘Intentional stance’, if an animal (an intentional system) possesses the ability to act on mental activities, such as beliefs and desires, it has intentions which can treated independently from the physical laws that govern its behaviours.
It doesn’t matter that these intentions can be wedded to the deterministic predictions of physical sciences. Dennett purportedly finds what free-will theorists are seeking: freely born, subjective intentions, which can’t be deprived by predictions. From the minds of lowly entities, such as clams and earthworms, to the cognitively advanced minds of orangutans and Asian elephants, who show semblances of self-awareness, agency is graduated and ranges with the sophistication of intention.
The crazy thing, though, is that Dennett doesn’t require consciousness, though it can certainly affect what kinds of intentions animals have. Thus Dennett can’t even rule out thermostats and other inanimate objects which ‘act’ on ‘considerations’ of their surroundings! Moreover, animals (and objects), like us, can face one physically possible future and still be treated as responsible agents for whatever transpires.
Is Dennett too ambitious His account is certainly popular amongst determinists.
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Between stimulus and response, there is a space. In that space is our power to
choose our response. In our response lies our growth and our freedom.
Freedom (n.): To ask nothing. To expect nothing. To depend on nothing.
#dreamchaser #free #your #mind
When we close our eyes and sit still, the world can feel even louder and faster than when your in it. Giving your mind time to unwind takes some time. We’re all familiar with the waterfall of thoughts, Images and feelings we experience daily. When we close our eyes and you’re not responding to it, it might be even more clear...for a bit.
Mindfulness is not about relaxing, but giving space. With giving space for your mind to unwind, without, reacting or interacting immediately, you give yourself time to choose.
When you have the ability to choose, you’ll experience a clearer mind and you can take better care of yourself.
During our Mindful days we practice together. See our agenda for dates and info.
#mindfulness #mindful #mind #thoughts #meditate #meditation #eyesclosed #unwind #amsterdam #denbosch #Utrecht
Hope your Friday was super awesome and Blessed ofcourse!!!!🙏 To all my fellow South Africans, I know that the heat is unbearable and loadshedding even worse, but, be thankful that you are all alive and kicking to be able to complain about it!!! 😉😆😆😆